Purification of the Temple
1Now Maccabe'us and his followers, the Lord leading them on, recovered the temple and the city; 2and they tore down the altars which had been built in the public square by the foreigners, and also destroyed the sacred precincts. 3They purified the sanctuary, and made another altar of sacrifice; then, striking fire out of flint, they offered sacrifices, after a lapse of two years, and they burned incense and lighted lamps and set out the bread of the Presence. 4And when they had done this, they fell prostrate and besought the Lord that they might never again fall into such misfortunes, but that, if they should ever sin, they might be disciplined by him with forbearance and not be handed over to blasphemous and barbarous nations. 5It happened that on the same day on which the sanctuary had been profaned by the foreigners, the purification of the sanctuary took place, that is, on the twenty-fifth day of the same month, which was Chislev. 6And they celebrated it for eight days with rejoicing, in the manner of the feast of booths, remembering how not long before, during the feast of booths, they had been wandering in the mountains and caves like wild animals. 7Therefore bearing ivy-wreathed wands and beautiful branches and also fronds of palm, they offered hymns of thanksgiving to him who had given success to the purifying of his own holy place. 8They decreed by public ordinance and vote that the whole nation of the Jews should observe these days every year.
9Such then was the end of Anti'ochus, who was called Epiph'anes.
Accession of Antiochus Eupator
10Now we will tell what took place under Anti'ochus Eu'pator, who was the son of that ungodly man, and will give a brief summary of the principal calamities of the wars. 11This man, when he succeeded to the kingdom, appointed one Lys'ias to have charge of the government and to be chief governor of Coelesyria and Phoenic'ia. 12Ptol'emy, who was called Macron, took the lead in showing justice to the Jews because of the wrong that had been done to them, and attempted to maintain peaceful relations with them. 13As a result he was accused before Eu'pator by the king's friends. He heard himself called a traitor at every turn, because he had abandoned Cyprus, which Philome'tor had entrusted to him, and had gone over to Anti'ochus Epiph'anes. Unable to command the respect due his office,a he took poison and ended his life.
Campaign in Idumea
14When Gor'gias became governor of the region, he maintained a force of mercenaries, and at every turn kept on warring against the Jews. 15Besides this, the Idume'ans, who had control of important strongholds, were harassing the Jews; they received those who were banished from Jerusalem, and endeavored to keep up the war. 16But Maccabe'us and his men, after making solemn supplication and beseeching God to fight on their side, rushed to the strongholds of the Idume'ans. 17Attacking them vigorously, they gained possession of the places, and beat off all who fought upon the wall, and slew those whom they encountered, killing no fewer than twenty thousand.
18When no less than nine thousand took refuge in two very strong towers well equipped to withstand a siege, 19Maccabe'us left Simon and Joseph, and also Zacchae'us and his men, a force sufficient to besiege them; and he himself set off for places where he was more urgently needed. 20But the men with Simon, who were money-hungry, were bribed by some of those who were in the towers, and on receiving seventy thousand drachmas let some of them slip away. 21When word of what had happened came to Maccabe'us, he gathered the leaders of the people, and accused these men of having sold their brethren for money by setting their enemies free to fight against them. 22Then he slew these men who had turned traitor, and immediately captured the two towers. 23Having success at arms in everything he undertook, he destroyed more than twenty thousand in the two strongholds.
Judas Defeats Timothy
24Now Timothy, who had been defeated by the Jews before, gathered a tremendous force of mercenaries and collected the cavalry from Asia in no small number. He came on, intending to take Judea by storm. 25As he drew near, Maccabe'us and his men sprinkled dust upon their heads and girded their loins with sackcloth, in supplication to God. 26Falling upon the steps before the altar, they besought him to be gracious to them and to be an enemy to their enemies and an adversary to their adversaries, as the law declares. 27And rising from their prayer they took up their arms and advanced a considerable distance from the city; and when they came near to the enemy they halted. 28Just as dawn was breaking, the two armies joined battle, the one having as pledge of success and victory not only their valor but their reliance upon the Lord, while the other made rage their leader in the fight.
29When the battle became fierce, there appeared to the enemy from heaven five resplendent men on horses with golden bridles, and they were leading the Jews. 30Surrounding Maccabe'us and protecting him with their own armor and weapons, they kept him from being wounded. And they showered arrows and thunderbolts upon the enemy, so that, confused and blinded, they were thrown into disorder and cut to pieces. 31Twenty thousand five hundred were slaughtered, besides six hundred horsemen.
32Timothy himself fled to a stronghold called Gazar'a, especially well garrisoned, where Chae'reas was commander. 33Then Maccabe'us and his men were glad, and they besieged the fort for four days. 34The men within, relying on the strength of the place, blasphemed terribly and hurled out wicked words. 35But at dawn of the fifth day, twenty young men in the army of Maccabe'us, fired with anger because of the blasphemies, bravely stormed the wall and with savage fury cut down every one they met. 36Others who came up in the same way wheeled around against the defenders and set fire to the towers; they kindled fires and burned the blasphemers alive. Others broke open the gates and let in the rest of the force, and they occupied the city. 37They killed Timothy, who was hidden in a cistern, and his brother Chae'reas, and Apolloph'anes. 38When they had accomplished these things, with hymns and thanksgivings they blessed the Lord who shows great kindness to Israel and gives them the victory.